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NSA Publishes Blueprint For Top Secret Android Phone 172

Posted by samzenpus
from the you-keep-using-that-word-I-do-not-think-it-means-what-you-think-it-means dept.
mask.of.sanity writes "The National Security Agency has designed a super-secure Android phone from commercial parts, and released the blueprints(Pdf) to the public. The doubly-encrypted phone, dubbed Fishbowl, was designed to be secure enough to handle top secret phone calls yet be as easy to use and cheap to build as commercial handsets. One hundred US government staff are using the phones under a pilot which is part of a wider project to redesign communication platforms used in classified conversations."
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NSA Publishes Blueprint For Top Secret Android Phone

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  • I want one. (Score:4, Interesting)

    by roc97007 (608802) on Thursday March 01, 2012 @07:14PM (#39215957) Journal

    That'd be the coolest geeky thing to have. Although I suspect it doesn't do you a lot of good unless both sides of the conversation is using them.

    • by Dunbal (464142) * on Thursday March 01, 2012 @07:19PM (#39216001)
      Surely you mean all three sides of the conversation...
      • Re:I want one. (Score:5, Interesting)

        by roc97007 (608802) on Thursday March 01, 2012 @09:03PM (#39216597) Journal

        If you're implying a back door, the overriding problem as far as I can see is that if you have a secret double encrypted phone with an option, no matter how secret, for someone else to listen in, as a secret organization you wouldn't dare use the phone. Because somehow, by hook or by crook, by bribery, blackmail or corruption from the richest countries and individuals of the world, that back door *will* be made available to foreign powers. It's inevitable.

        And so, the NSA will have created a phone that the NSA itself could not use.

        If it had been intended as a honey pot, then bravo. Otherwise, no.

        • Re:I want one. (Score:4, Insightful)

          by Dunbal (464142) * on Friday March 02, 2012 @02:08AM (#39218077)

          And so, the NSA will have created a phone that the NSA itself could not use.

          And this surprises you how, exactly?

          Most security boils down to "security by obscurity" when you get past all the smoke and mirrors. Someone at the top above all the compartmentalization made the decision that he simply won't tell anyone about the back door. Except for Dan in Dept A where such a backdoor would be very VERY useful, you know, to keep tabs on the operatives, etc; and Roger in Dept B whose job it is to keep tabs on Dept A. Both Dan and Roger are trustworthy and sworn to secrecy, so there's no way that this back-door will be abused or leaked. Ever. Except...

        • The NSA has been pretty good at strengthening commercial encryption. Part of their mandate is to help strengthen America's commercial security infrastructure as well as to hack that same security infrastructure, which makes them not so trustworthy in some eyes but practical helpers in others. Aside from the Clipper chip, the NSA helped strengthen DES through changes to the S-box, helped make Windows 7 more secure by working with Microsoft (lol), and of course, SE Linux.

        • And so, the NSA will have created a phone that the NSA itself could not use.

          The NSA doesn't need or even want to spy on its own people. That's what the clearance process is for; to screen out 95%+ of the people who might be internal security threats. The remaining few percent are likely some form of high functioning sociopaths no one can catch until they slip up, and when they do slip up, it'll be the FBI's job to hunt them down as it is. Unlike the NSA, the FBI has legal authority to target American citize

    • don't rely on it too much... these are the same folks who sold captured German Enigma machines to foreign governments in the 50s saying they're unbreakable.
      • by roc97007 (608802)

        Right, but they weren't stupid enough to use the Enigma machine *themselves*, knowing that it had been broken. If the NSA is planning to use the phones, the NSA must think they're secure. If they're planning to build them and not use them, the phones are bait for very stupid organizations. Either way it would be interesting to own one, although you probably shouldn't call your tax accountant with it.

        And as I said in another article, if the NSA thinks they can include a back door and somehow think they ca

      • Well they probably didn't really care since the Polish and England scientists already figured it out. And the "folks" making the statement you mentioned were most likely utterred by an one or two individuals not the organization as a whole. The US was more interested in moving nuclear physics from the white board to real world applications such as building nuclear weapons. Wasting resources on something already accomplished by others would have been a waste. And by the way England had a large head start wit

  • by msgmonkey (599753) on Thursday March 01, 2012 @07:16PM (#39215969)

    Wow sounds very secure, hopefully they did n't decide to go with ROT-13 twice.

    • by alostpacket (1972110) on Thursday March 01, 2012 @07:59PM (#39216283) Homepage

      Not only double secure, but if you're caught doing something nefarious, they put you on double secret probation. They have also contacted Double Mint Gum about possible trademark licensing.

      • by Ihmhi (1206036)

        They even got Falcon Northwest on board to paint every phone in a unique "Double Rainbow" theme.

      • "Double Mint Gum"

        Don't do that to me. You make my brain go strange places.

        I'm picturing a security-focussed Linux-based portable computer, that uses the Linux Mint [linuxmint.com] distribution, but only a really stripped-down, bare-minimum installation. Just enough that once you set up the password to log in, you can then run a virtual machine from an encrypted loopback device which actually contains a "full" Linux Mint distribution.

        And then you install that setup on one of these [gumstix.com]...

        "Double Mint Gum(stix)"

    • Anything is vulnerable to attacks on reduced-round variants. For full security, do what I did for this post: the full 16 rounds of ROT-13.

    • by mjwx (966435)

      Wow sounds very secure, hopefully they did n't decide to go with ROT-13 twice.

      Not just double encryption but double secret encryption.

      My bet is on the password being 1-2-3-4-5

    • by Hentes (2461350)

      No, they went with XOR twice.

  • by ackthpt (218170) on Thursday March 01, 2012 @07:18PM (#39215991) Homepage Journal

    In a shoe?

  • by jdogalt (961241) on Thursday March 01, 2012 @07:35PM (#39216117) Journal

    All I've really wanted for christmas for the last 10 years is a phone easily disassemblable, with a transparent case, and user facing dip switches for the mic, the antennas, the battery, and these days, the power line going to the camera. Or alternately for the camera, a physical piece of plastic that slides to expose/cover the camera. Also the dip switches should be placed in such a way that it is reasonably convincing to technical users that they are in fact breaking the relevant physical traces/wires.

    Maybe in 10 more years...

    • by Nethead (1563)

      You can have that. There are developer kits that you can glom together to make them. But it will be the size of a lunchbox, and be engineered just to your specifications. I suggest that you look to ham radio to to start your development.

      Remember, if you wanted all that capability ten-ish years ago you would have something the size of, and the cost of, a news van.

      see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_news_gathering [wikipedia.org]

    • Or you could keep your phone in a small metal tin?

      When you actually need to use your phone all those security measures for the mic/battery/antenna/etc are going to have to be disabled anyway. Easier to keep it in a tin.
    • It's called a battery pull. Sure, there might be a smaller battery or capacitor sitting somewhere powering the device in a stealthy manner, but that would be a concern even with your DIP switch theory--someone might put a smaller transmitter on the back of your microphone to enable signals to be sent while the DIP switch to the "real" transmitter is ostensibly disabled.

  • by JonahsDad (1332091) on Thursday March 01, 2012 @07:36PM (#39216121)
    Just wondering when Microsoft sues the NSA for patent infringement for using Android.
    • by Sycraft-fu (314770) on Thursday March 01, 2012 @09:12PM (#39216641)

      MS knows that the government controls patents and that national security is a grounds that the government can take a patent away and make it public domain.

      Interestingly enough the NSA has special status when it comes to patents. They can file secret patents that remain classified until someone tries to patent the same thing. At such time their patent is revealed and is valid from that date of revelation.

      • by bd580slashdot (1948328) on Friday March 02, 2012 @01:43AM (#39217955)
        One day I was reading James Bamford's book "The Puzzle Palace" which was all about the NSA and crypto stuff. I was sitting on the back porch of The Last Exit on Brooklyn street coffeehouse reading when I got to a chapter about a guy who had made an encrypting phone out of cheap off the shelf components. He called it the phasorphone. When he applied for a patent the NSA seized it and gagged him (that means he was threatened and coerced to not talk about it). I pointed at the name in the book and held it up to the guy across the table from me and said "Carl, is this you?". He told me a bit about it and said the NSA kept track of him all the time after that. Department of Defense DIRECTIVE NUMBER 5535.02 March 24, 2010 USD(P) SUBJECT: DoD Patent Security Review Process You know, national security and all that. Because the light of democracy is so weak that it can only succeed if veiled by the cloak of secrecy, right?
        • The notion of a "born secret" is pretty bullshit, too, which is why the government never tried it in court. The idea is that some things are so secret that they are secret even if arrived at independently by third parties who did not use any secrets in doing so. Therefore, if you sat on a mountaintop and came up with nuclear bomb blueprints by yourself, the government would consider that classified material even though it was independently created. That's awesome in theory, but still fucking annoying.

  • by RareButSeriousSideEf (968810) on Thursday March 01, 2012 @07:36PM (#39216133) Homepage Journal
    Sensationalistic, inaccurate, or self-contradictory, pick any two.
  • Hmmmm... (Score:3, Insightful)

    by olsmeister (1488789) on Thursday March 01, 2012 @07:42PM (#39216179)
    (dons tin foil hat) Do they really want phones like these to become inexpensive and easy to produce? Would we have been able to locate bin Laden if the courier and the whole group had these? Is there a back door hidden in the design that allows the NSA access? (removes tin foil hat)
    • These phones wouldn't have saved him. The calls still use the public network so are still traceable, and all the phones need access to the same key server. Knowing that MR x is a terrorist, you can assume anyone he calls might be a terrorist so you investigate them. And knowing where the key server is means you can get the codes to read the call.
    • We didn't locate Bin Laden because his courier had shitty phones. We located Bin Laden because we caught some dude on the battlefield and Gitmod him with a five dollar wrench until he coughed up the courier's name (along with, presumably, part of his lungs). Even using a secure sat phone or encrypted phone wouldn't help Bin Laden because we would have triangulated on the signals, caught the guy, then Gitmo'd him with a five dollar wrench. In a practical sense, XKCD still has it right. If we want to catch yo

  • Research In Motion (Score:4, Insightful)

    by Mabbo (1337229) on Thursday March 01, 2012 @07:45PM (#39216191)
    Well, that should be the final nail in the coffin for the Blackberry. I've been saying for the last 2 years: All RIM has going is the fact that they have a secure phone. All someone needs to do is offer an Android-based phone with the same level of security, and they will have lost the only real selling point remaining that they had.
    • MOD UP!

      Why in the hell was the parent modded a Troll? It's arguably flamebait, but surely not trolling. BTW, I agree. RIM is riding out their momentum on previous loyal clients. Specifically the ones in the financial district such as banks and whatnot. But the days of RIM are numbered. Poor guys. If I was employed there, I would be writing my exit strategy to find another place of employment. Hopefully RIM make the smart move and adopt the Droid platform for at least core functionality and API integration.

  • fishbowl !=blowfish (Score:5, Interesting)

    by optimism (2183618) on Thursday March 01, 2012 @07:45PM (#39216195)

    re: "The doubly-encrypted phone, dubbed Fishbowl"

    A strange combination of clever and ironic.
    Fishbowl is an anagram of Blowfish, though I dunno if they use that cipher.
    However to most folks, a fishbowl is something in clear view, under close observation.
    Quirky.

    • by Anonymous Coward

      It's doubly-encrypted, so they use Twofish.

    • by Nethead (1563)

      This had to bring a smile to Bruce's face.

  • I hope not in China for the obvious reasons.

    The design of the phone itself may be super-secure, but for it to be genuinely secure you need to have absolute faith in the integrity of the company building the thing.

  • by losttoy (558557) on Thursday March 01, 2012 @08:04PM (#39216317)
    Remember, double encrypting rogue apps in AES does not make them good. The traditional approach towards security doesn't work very well in the mobile world especially Android. You have to not only do the regular things like encrypt but have a strict login such that they cannot run any app other than authorized. Not even the HTML5 stuff because it doesn't matter how locked down the phone is - once you allow an app on the phone that can access the data, it is game over.
    • You could RTFA (Score:3, Insightful)

      by Sycraft-fu (314770)

      Where you'd find out the encryption isn't about apps, but about the calls. The NSA requires it so that in the event there is a failure in the implementation of one of the encryption layers, that isn't an automatic compromise.

      In terms of app control yes, it only gets apps from a DoD run app store. The phones can only get apps that the NSA has decided are ok. The control actually goes further than that, in that to place a call you connect to signals and they then route your call to the requested party. So you

      • Re:You could RTFA (Score:4, Insightful)

        by MartinSchou (1360093) on Friday March 02, 2012 @12:00AM (#39217473)

        You have to remember the NSA is not new to this game. They are pretty much the best the world has ever seen at signals intelligence, and they were doing encryption back in the days when nobody had heard of such a thing.

        Are you suggesting they also invented time travel and ventured back in time to before AD?

        Encryption is a VERY old discipline, and was being used for more than a thousand years by the time Leonardo da Vinci was even born.

        • No not at all (Score:5, Insightful)

          by Sycraft-fu (314770) on Friday March 02, 2012 @04:18AM (#39218607)

          However cryptography wasn't widely used or known to the public back in the day. Also while the codes used were technically cryptography by the pure meaning of the word, they really weren't by modern thinking. They were, well, codes, secret language and the like. As an example the highly successful Navajo Code Talkers in WWII weren't using mathematical encryption, book cyphers, or the like, they were just speaking a language that nobody in Germany understood, and using special terminology.

          The public really didn't have much of a study of cryptography in the modern sense back in the day. Heck, read up on the DES process. The NBS asked for submissions and nobody presented anything useful so they went to IBM and asked them to try (IBM being the biggest civilian employer of mathematicians at the time) and they developed DES, with some consultation with the NSA (who asked them to keep a lid on things like differential cryptanalysis).

          When DES came out, it lead to a real jump start of civilian study of cryptography. People were curious about this new thing and started looking at it.

          If you want to equate coded speech with mathematical crypto, ok fine then I guess, but it really isn't. Mathematical cryptography changed the game. With codes it was all about working to understand and guess the enemy's coding scheme, and such things were done all the time. With mathematical crypto, you can design a system that is unbreakable except through brute force (which you can make infeasible) or via some sort of new discovery in cryptology.

          This is something the NSA was one of the very fist involved in, and indeed they came about due to the importance of code breaking in WWII. They were the largest employer of mathematicians in the world for a time (not sure if that is still true).

          That's what I mean by "nobody had heard of it." I don't mean they invented it, I mean the concept was pretty much unknown to the public. The idea of a mathematical system that you could use to secure information was just not something people had heard of on any large scale. The NSA was writing crypto systems back when the geeks who now use crypto all the time were doing everything in plain text.

          • by Tom (822)

            While I agree with you on most points, I don't think the absolute stands.

            Ancient codes aren't crypto by todays standards, but they were in their days, so we need to give them credit for that, or else we should stop calling AES et al crypto as well, because a thousand years from now, people with quantum computers (or whatever) will laugh at us the way we laugh about the Cesar cypher today.

            Two, the NSA and its predecessors were formed out of necessity, because there was encryption being used by the enemy, the

          • The concept of cryptography has been around for thousands of years but the idea that security by obscurity was a bad idea is relatively new. The entire code talkers scheme was pure obscurity. The novelty is that mathematical cryptography is secure even when its mechanism is disclosed.

    • You could achieve high level security on an otherwise standard iphone by inserting an inline encryption engine before the radio/modem and having it handle the security. Proper sand-boxing of apps and only allowing apps that passed a security audit will round out the requirements.
  • Seriously, NSA, DOD, CIA, etc should be paying motorola/Google to build these SECURELY in the USA. Having this produced in China is NOT how you get secured communications.
    • by mlts (1038732) *

      I wouldn't mind Motorola doing exactly this.

      Heck, Motorola can use the same hardware for their mass produced phones so they benefit from economies of scale. The difference could be a dedicated sub-ROM chip that gets code loaded on at a TS/SCI cleared facility (the same way the old Clipper chips were made in a normal facility, then the Skipjack algorithm was loaded.)

      This way, most phones can have unlocked bootloaders and are free to run the latest CM version, while the phones for secure duty get the added c

  • Not a good article (Score:5, Informative)

    by Anonymous Coward on Thursday March 01, 2012 @08:49PM (#39216527)

    I was at the talk yesterday (at the RSA Conference) where NSA IAD director Margaret Salter presented this information. While the linked article is mostly factually correct, it glosses over or misses quite a few things. In no particular order:

    * NSA's goal was to produce a spec for how to use commercial devices and commercial carriers yet still meet the requirements for SECRET or higher classified comms *without* forcing every user to be a COMSEC custodian. IMO, this represents a *huge* change in NSA's outlook on COMSEC and security in general. In the past, their focus has always been "security first, regardless of the impact on usability." Fishbowl's goals are an intriguing departure from this mindset.
    * The selection of Android was not a starting point, but the outcome of a selection process that included requirements like "we have to be able to get the OS tweaked to meet our needs." The relative openness of Android played well against this requirement.
    * Fishbowl currently only works on one handset. Salter declined to say which one, but it was clearly a Motorola product. Again, this was related to technical requirements around customization, boot loaders, etc
    * The article gets it right about IPSEC vs SSLVPN but falls short of detailing the laundry list of things NSA wanted but was ultimately unable to obtain. It's clear that as the landscape evolves, NSA will update the fishbowl spec. For example, if someone made available an Android that supported Suite B, I think that would appear on the spec immediately.
    * Salter did address the issue of rogue apps directly. She said that Fishbowl basically required policy support for locking out unapproved app installs, and that only NSA approved apps from the NSA enterprise app store would be allowed. "we don't want to be in the business of accrediting Angry Birds" is as close a quote as I can manage from memory.
    * The best question from the audience was when someone asked if, by publishing a spec on how to do encrypted secure comms on an Android, her division hadn't made the job of the SIGINT spooks impossibly more difficult. She somewhat artfully dodged/refused to answer, and simply said that her job was to protect the data and communications of the US Government. My take: draw your own conclusions about NSA's ability to break IPSEC.

    The talk was interesting, well presented, and completely sold out. I got one of the last 5 or 6 seats before they stopped letting people in the room.

    • by Sulphur (1548251)

      * Salter did address the issue of rogue apps directly. She said that Fishbowl basically required policy support for locking out unapproved app installs, and that only NSA approved apps from the NSA enterprise app store would be allowed. "we don't want to be in the business of accrediting Angry Birds" is as close a quote as I can manage from memory.

      Disgruntled Poultry, the classified version, because everything on this is probably classified.

    • by X0563511 (793323)

      * The best question from the audience was when someone asked if, by publishing a spec on how to do encrypted secure comms on an Android, her division hadn't made the job of the SIGINT spooks impossibly more difficult. She somewhat artfully dodged/refused to answer, and simply said that her job was to protect the data and communications of the US Government. My take: draw your own conclusions about NSA's ability to break IPSEC.

      There's a cost/benefit tradeoff here. In general I'd say it's better to have excellent defenses that even yourself can't penetrate, than to make sure everyone is weak. They used to play that game, and it's repeatedly been shown to be folly.

    • On the last point, I'm willing to take them at face value. They earned a lot of credibility when DES was being designed. They approved the basic design, but made some changes to some minor details of the design. No one outside the NSA knew why for years. Eventually differential cryptanalysis was publicly discovered, and in retrospect it became clear that the NSA's changes were to defend against the attack.

      So yes, the NSA appears to put deploying real security firmly ahead of compromising other people's s

    • by Tom (822)

      someone asked if, by publishing a spec on how to do encrypted secure comms on an Android, her division hadn't made the job of the SIGINT spooks impossibly more difficult. She somewhat artfully dodged/refused to answer, and simply said that her job was to protect the data and communications of the US Government. My take: draw your own conclusions about NSA's ability to break IPSEC.

      Doesn't necessarily follow. The NSA has these two different and often conflicting missions. And I know that if I were in the second one (what she said), I would make damn sure that my own spooks can't break it. Because if they can, so can someone else.

      Her dodge is probably due to this conflict, which I'm sure is constantly generating friction within the NSA.

      • Exactly right, and it's not a dodge at all.

        NSA has two separate missions that are both in conflict and complementary.

        Folks here will immediate assume "OMG BACKDOORZ!@!@!!111" when in reality NSA's job is BOTH to break other peoples' systems while protecting our own. Having intentional vulnerabilities in our own encryption schemes is counterproductive on a number of levels.

        That won't stop people from believing what they want to believe, however.

  • Since the USA claimed that pedo-terrorists were the only ones that used encryption, what is the NSA trying to tell us.

    • by X0563511 (793323)

      There's the morons in charge: politicians. Then, there's the nerds hiding in the back who actually know something: NSA.

      It's pretty much like any corporation when you think about it!

  • First of all it is not a "blueprint" for the device, it is a specification for a very secure device.

    Second of all no place in the document does it say, "this device uses android"

    The references to Android are as follows, all of them:

    Requirements Description DC.1 "The Device Configuration and Policy Management service shall be able to determine the configuration of the device types and operating systems identified for use, e.g., Motorola Droid Pro with Android 2.2."

    Requirements Description DC.3 "The Device

  • All NSA is doing here is trying to get secure voice over IP on a smart phone. They're not trying to secure the phone for non-voice data or support secure applications. The smart phone isn't helping; if they could get people to carry a second voice-only device, it would be far easier. A voice-only phone with all the firmware in ROM would be a much more secure device.

    • > All NSA is doing here is trying to get secure voice over IP on a
      > smart phone.

      About time that SOMEBODY does! Go NSA.

  • Top Secret is a secret/protection classification for information and determines who can access the information. If it has been released to the public it is not "top secret". This is a highly secure phone, not a top secret phone.

  • GPS tracking and logging, recording what you say, where you've been, what you post and what you read - the total police state. People mod me flamebait when I point out that we're living, eventually and soon, in a giant prison, a fishbowl, where the powerful get to see what we're up to, but we never see them or what they do.

    Now we have the concrete illustration. "Fishbowl". They are fucking laughing at us.

  • Parnell: "Hello?"

    Leila: "Is it you? This is Leila. Are you using a SCRAMBLER?"

    Parnell: "I can't hear you, I'm using a SCRAMBLER!"

  • ... for someone to find one in a bar, send it to Engadget [engadget.com] and have them disassemble, reverse engineer, and review the phone.

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